This category in our website as well as the next one was created after careful consideration. It is an undeniable fact that a website has many intervening goals as well as an ultimate one. The final goal is invariably the promotion of a product so as to sell it and the profit. By introducing the category Mythology-history, as well as the next one, (DIVINUS means God) we chose the journey. We were inspired by Homer and guided by his work Odyssey. The truth is that the legendary Odysseus gained a lot from his roaming, hardships, victories, anxieties and the dangers he went through. His home, his kingdom and his family in Ithaka were his final destination. He was able to return back home after many years. However, when he saw his family and home again he wasn’t the same person. His soul wasn’t the same and his mind was different, too. This also brings to mind a Greek poet Konstatinos Kavafis who wrote an exceptional poem titled as Ithaka. Some of the lyrics are: «On your way to Ithaka you’ d better wish the journey is long. Full of adventures, full of pain, full of knowledge. You’ ll become so wise through all these experiences that you will understand what Ithaka really is all about.Ithaka is the final destination but the real value lies in the journey. You’ll become wise during the journey. What you’ll experience will turn you into a philosopher». Based on that we selected our own journey in Mythology and Ηistory.
THE MYTH OF THE ATHENIAN OLIVE TREE.
During Cecrop’s reign there was a contest held in the Acropolis hill in Ancient Athens. The contest was held so as to define who would be appointed as the protector of the Athenian Kingdom and give his/her name to the city. The two Gods who participated in the contest were Goddess Athena and God Poseidon. God Zeus as well as nine more Olympian Gods and King Cecrops were present to watch the contest. Poseidon started first and beat a rock with his trident. In no time at all, sea water sprang from the rock.Goddess Athena, taking her turn, planted a tree seed and soon after that a magnificent fruitful tree appeared. It was an olive tree. King Cecrops didn’t have any second thoughts and announced Goddess Athena protector of his Kingdom and gave her name to his Kingdom.
THE MYTH OF THE CRETAN OLIVE TREE.
There were good ‘daimones’ (spirits) named as Kourites and Dactyli Idaii in Cretan land. They were considered great humanity benefactors, technical tool inventors and doctors. They were also the inventors of beekeeping, livestock farming, hunting bow and ritual dancing. Hercules, one of The Cretan Kourites, brought a wild olive tree to his homeland Crete. After that he transfered the olive tree to Ancient Olympia. He was the sports inventor and the Olympic Games founder. He once called his four brothers Paionaio, Epimedi, Iasio and Ida and asked them to run in Olympia. He crowned the winner with the branch of the olive tree he had planted. Since then all Olympic Games winners were crowned with olive tree branches.
According to ancient findings Crete’s history is at least 10.000 years old. The first European civilization globally known as the Minoan Civilization flourished on the island of Crete. This civilization is divided into three large historical periods: the Prepalatial (2600BC-2000BC), the Oldpalatial (2500BC-1700BC) and the Newpalatial (1700BC-1450BC). The first complicated Royal palaces were constructed in Knossos, Faistos, Malia and Zakro during the first period. For as long as the first period lasted there was wealth, power and organization of political religious, social and financial life. This period ended due to a destructive earthquake. The Royal Palaces were destroyed and new ones were built which signalled the beginning of the second period, which proved to be the most thriving.
The new palace stood out because of its big size and grandeur. It extended up to 22.000m². In the eastern part there were four storeys which proved the architectural and static knowledge of the Minoans. King Minoas with his family used to live in the forementioned storeys. In the western part there was the most official room in which Minoas’ prominent Royal throne was built. This throne has been discovered unharmed and is currently displayed at the Heraklion archaeological museum in Crete. In the palace, there were also sacred rooms in which Minoas held religious rituals as he was a great high priest.
The Minoans lived a peaceful life and they never thought of attempting imperialistic campaigns. They occupied themselves with the arts, agriculture, craft industry, navigation and commerce. They developed commercial affairs with the East, Egypt, Cyclades and the rest Greekland.
THE MINOANS WERE THE FIRST OLIVE OIL EXPORTERS IN THE WORLD.
In 1400BC the volcanic eruption on the Santorini island created a huge tidal wave which destroyed Knossos Palace. Minoan writing and language can be seen on the prominent disk which was discovered in Phaistos Palace. This writing was named Grammiki A΄ and it has not been deciphered yet. Up until the destruction, they wrote and spoke another language known as Grammiki B΄ which was decoded in 1952 by M. Ventris. The most sacred animal during that period was the bull which appears in various wall paintings in the palaces. In a sense the Minoan civilization still reminds the origin of the European one. The Myth of God Zeus disguised as a bull so as to grab Europe proves it.